Responsible Research and Innovation: the concept and its implementation in the areas of public engagement, gender equality and ethics

Alicja Dańkowska


This article addresses the concept of Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI), which concerns extensive collaboration between different actors at all stages of the R&D process and emphasises the prevention of the potential negative impact of innovations. RRI has been incorporated as a key concept of Horizon 2020, the European Commission's framework programme for 2014-2020.

The purpose of this article is twofold. First, it serves to present and explain the concept of RRI. Secondly, it aims to describe the degree of familiarity and practical implementation of the RRI concept in the Polish innovation system among scientific and business institutions and formulate training needs in this area. Research questions have been answered based on in-depth interviews conducted with representatives of various institutions of the Polish innovation system.

The study results show that despite the lack of familiarity with the definition of RRI, similar concepts are known, and practices concerning particular aspects of RRI, including ethics, public engagement and gender equality, are implemented to some extent. Finally, the most critical barriers to the implementation of the RRI concept have been identified.

Keywords: Responsible Research and Innovation, public engagement, gender equality, ethics, innovation system institutions, training needs


  • Blok, V., Hoffmans, L. i Wubben, E. F. M. (2015). Stakeholder engagement for responsible innovation in the private sector: Critical issues and management practices. Journal on Chain and Network Science, 15(2), 147-164.
  • Chatfield, K., Iatridis, K., Stahl, B.C. i Paspallis, N. (2017). Innovating responsibly in ICT for ageing: Drivers, obstacles and implementation. Sustainability, 9(6), 971.
  • de Saille, S. (2015). Innovating innovation policy: the emergence of 'Responsible Research and Innovation'. Journal of Responsible Innovation, 2(2), 152-168.
  • European Commission. (2014). Responsible Research and Innovation. Europe's ability to respond to societal challenges.
  • Gontar, Z. (2016). Odpowiedzialne badania i innowacje - nowy paradygmat w budowaniu współpracy między nauką i społeczeństwem. Roczniki Kolegium Analiz Ekonomicznych SGH, 40, 323-331.
  • Grunwald, A. (2011). Responsible innovation: Bringing together technology assessment, applied ethics, and STS research. Enterprise and Work Innovation Studies, 7, 9-31.
  • Gurzawska, A., Mäkinen, M. i Brey, P. (2017). Implementation of Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) Practices in Industry: Providing the right incentives. Sustainability, 9(10), 1759-1784.
  • Karinen, R. i Guston, D. H. (2010). Towards anticipatory governance. The experience with nanotechnology. W M. Kaiser, M. Kurath, S. Maasen i Ch. Rehmann-Sutter (red.), Governing future technologies. Nanotechnology and the rise of an assessment regime (s. 217-232). Springer.
  • Owen, R., Macnaghten, P. i Stilgoe, J. (2012). Responsible research and innovation: From science in society to science for society, with society. Science and Public Policy, 39, 751-760.
  • Scholten, V. E. i Blok, V. (2015). Foreword: Responsible innovation in the private sector. Journal on Chain and Network Science, 15(2), 101-105.
  • Schot, J. i Rip, A. (1996). The past and future of constructive technology assessment. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 54(2-3), 251-268.
  • Sójka, J. (2007). Idea etyki stosowanej: pomiędzy wyżynami filozofii a wymogami praktyki. Annales. Etyka w życiu gospodarczym, 10(1), 117-126.
  • Stahl, B. C., Obach, M., Yaghmaei, E., Ikonen, V., Chatfield, K. i Brem, A. (2017). The Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI) Maturity Model: Linking theory and practice. Sustainability 9(6), 1-19
  • Stilgoe, J., Owen, R. i Macnaghten, P. (2013). Developing a framework for responsible innovation. Research Policy, 42(9), 1568-1580. .
  • Sutcliffe, H. (2011). A report on Responsible Research & Innovation. European Commission.
  • Van den Hoven, M. J., Lokhorst, G. J. C. i Van de Poel, I. (2012). Engineering and the problem of moral overload. Science and Engineering Ethics, 18, 143-155.
  • Von Schomberg, R. (2013). A vision of Responsible Research and Innovation. W R. Owen, J. Bessant i M. Heintz (red.), Responsible Innovation: Managing the responsible emergence of science and innovation in society (s. 51-74). Johnn Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Alicja Dańkowska

About the article


The article is in the printed version on pages 25-33.

pdf read the article (Polish)

How to cite

Dańkowska, A. (2021). Odpowiedzialne Badania i Innowacje - koncepcja i zakres jej stosowania w obszarach zaangażowania społecznego, równości płci i etyki. e-mentor, 2(89), 25-33.