AAA

Developmental mentoring from the perspective of intergenerational complementarity

Lucyna Bakiera

The article is an attempt to analyse informal mentoring and its double-subjective effects with regard to psychosocial development of both the mentor and the mentee. Mentoring is described here compared with other commonly used concepts of interpersonal interactions such as tutoring and coaching. The author defines mentoring as a specific interpersonal relationship, asymmetric by nature, usually dyadic, where the mentor inspires the mentee to achieve maturity in self-discovery and making life decisions. Being a mentor is one of the most important roles of middle adulthood considering the developmental needs. For young adults, in turn, the relationship with a mentor may support them in fulfilling their developmental tasks. These observations lead to the conclusion that intergenerational complementarity constitutes one of the main features of developmental mentoring.

Bibliography

  • Adler R., Rosenfeld L., Proctor R., Relacje interpersonalne. Proces porozumiewania się, Dom Wydawniczy REBIS, Poznań 2007.
  • Allen T.D., Poteet M. L., Russell J. E., Dobbins G. H., A field study of factors related to supervisors' willingness to mentor others, "Journal of Vocational Behavior" 1997, Vol. 50, No. 1, s. 1-22, http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jvbe.1995.1525.
  • Arnett J., Emerging adulthood: A theory of development from the late teens through twenties, "American Psychologist" 2000, Vol. 55, No. 5, s. 469-480, http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.55.5.469.
  • Atkinson M., Chois R.T., Wewnętrzna dynamika coachingu, New Dawn, Warszawa 2010.
  • Bakiera L., Developmental complementarity of generations in family, [w:] E. Rydz, D. Musiał (red.), The Psychology of Human Development - Selected Issues, Towarzystwo Naukowe KUL, Lublin 2010, s. 27-47.
  • Bakiera L., Harwas-Napierała B., Wzory osobowe w rozwoju człowieka, Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, Poznań 2016.
  • Bateson G., Steps to an ecology of mind.Collected essays in anthropology, psychiatry, evolution, and epistemology, Jason Aronson Inc., Northvale, New Jersey, London 1972.
  • Bąkiewicz M., Mentoring, coaching i tutoring jako nowe metody wsparcia studenta w procesie kształcenia - zarys problematyki, [w:] J. Bałachowicz, A. Rowicka (red.), Nowoczesny wychowawca - tutor, mentor, coach, Wyższa Szkoła Pedagogiczna im. Janusza Korczaka, Warszawa 2013, s. 37-43.
  • Bennetts Ch., Mentoring youth: Trend and tradition, "British Journal of Guidance and Counselling" 2003, Vol. 31, No. 1, 70, 63-76, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0306988031000086170.
  • Bin Tareef A., The relationship between mentoring and career development of higher education faculty members, "College Student Journal" 2013, Vol. 47, No. 4, s. 703-711.
  • Bogat G.A., Redner R.L., How mentoring affects the professional development of women in psychology, "Professional Psychology" 1985, Vol. 16, No. 6, s. 851-859.
  • Bozionelos N., Mentoring provided: Relation to mentor's career success, personality, and mentoring received, "Journal of Vocational Behavior" 2004, Vol. 64, No. 1, s. 24-46, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0001-8791(03)00033-2.
  • Brzezińska A.I., Szanse i zagrożenia rozwoju, "Remedium" 2000, nr 9, s. 4-5.
  • Buell C., Models of mentoring in communication, "Communication Education" 2004, Vol. 53, No. 1, s. 56-73, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/0363452032000135779.
  • Campbell J., Bohater o tysiącu twarzy, Nomos, Kraków 2013.
  • Coutu D., Kauffman C., Charan R., Peterson D.B., Maccoby M., Scoular P.A., Grant A.M., What can coaches do for you? "Harvard Business Review" 2009, Vol. 87, No. 1, s. 91-97.
  • Czarkowska L.D., Filary coachingu i sześć dróg rozwoju organizacji, [w:] L.D. Czarkowska (red.), Coaching. Katalizator rozwoju organizacji, New Dawn, Warszawa 2011, s. 45-62.
  • Dohm F.A. , Cummings W., Research mentoring and men in clinical psychology, "Psychology of Men and Masculinity" 2003, Vol. 4, No. 2, s. 149-153, http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/1524-9220.4.2.149.
  • Dohm F.A., Cummings W., Research mentoring and women in clinical psychology, "Psychology of Women Quarterly" 2002, Vol. 26, No. 2, s. 163-167, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1471-6402.00055.
  • Erikson E.H., The Life Cycle Completed, W. W. Norton & Company, New York-London 1982.
  • Erikson E. H., Tożsamość a cykl życia, Zysk i S-ka Wydawnictwo, Poznań 2004.
  • Frydrychowicz S., Sposoby i wymiary komunikowania interpersonalnego a rozwój człowieka, "Psychologia Rozwojowa" 2005, t. 10, nr 3, s. 93-100.
  • Gębska M., Tutoring, mentoring, coaching. Komplementarność zindywidualizowanych form edukacji, [w:] J. Bałachowicz, A. Rowicka (red.), Nowoczesny wychowawca - tutor, mentor, coach, Wyższa Szkoła Pedagogiczna im. Janusza Korczaka, Warszawa 2013, s. 24-36.
  • Grimal P., Słownik mitologii greckiej i rzymskiej, Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich, Wrocław 2008.
  • Guptan S.U., Mentoring: A practitioner's guide to touching lives, Response Books, New Delhi 2006.
  • Hayes E.F., Gagan M.J., Approaches to mentoring: How to mentor and be mentored, "Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners" 2005, Vol. 17, No. 11, s. 442-445, http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1745-7599.2005.00068.x.
  • Ives Y., What is 'coaching'? An exploration of conflicting paradigms, "International Journal of Evidence Based Coaching and Mentoring" 2008, Vol. 6, No. 2, s. 100-113.
  • Johnson W. B., The intentional mentor: Strategies and guidelines for the practice of mentoring, "Professional Psychology: Research and Practice" 2002, Vol. 33, No. 1, s. 88-96, http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0735-7028.33.1.88.
  • Johnson W.B., Nelson N., Mentor - protégé relationships in graduate training: Some ethical concerns, "Ethics and Behavior" 1999, Vol. 9, No 3, s. 189-210, http://dx.doi.org/10.1207/s15327019eb0903_1.
  • Kram K.E., Improving the mentoring process, "Training and Development Journal" 1985, Vol. 39, No. 4, s. 40-43.
  • Levinson D. J., A conception of adult development, "American Psychologist" 1986, Vol. 41, No. 1, s. 3-13, http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.41.1.3.
  • Levinson D.J., The seasons of a man's life, Knopf, New York 1978.
  • Lewis H.E., Maltby L.E., Mentoring: The view from both sides, "Journal of Psychology and Christianity" 2013, Vol. 32, No. 1, s. 70-74.
  • Oberhuemer P., Seeking new cultures of cooperation: A cross-national analysis of workplace-based learning and mentoring practices in early years professional education/training, "Early Years: An International Journal of Research and Development" 2015, Vol. 35, No. 2, s. 115-123, http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09575146.2015.1028218.
  • Olbrycht K., O roli przykładu, wzoru, autorytetu i mistrza w wychowaniu osobowym, Wydawnictwo Adam Marszałek, Toruń 2014.
  • Oleś P.K., Psychologia człowieka dorosłego, Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa 2011.
  • Passmore J., Fillery-Travis A., A critical review of executive coaching research: a decade of progress and what's to come, "Coaching: An International Journal of Theory, Research and Practice" 2011, Vol. 4, No. 2, s. 70; 70-88.
  • Pełczyński Z., Tutoring wart zachodu. Z doświadczeń tutora oksfordzkiego, [w:] B. Kaczarowska (red.), Tutoring. W poszukiwaniu metody kształcenia liderów, Stowarzyszenie Szkoła Liderów, Warszawa 2007, s. 31-35.
  • Philip K., Hendry L.B., Making sense of mentoring or mentoring making sense? Reflections on the mentoring process by adult mentors with young people, "Journal of Community and Applied Psychology" 2000, Vol. 10, No. 3, s. 211-223, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1099-1298(200005/06)10:3%3C211::AID-CASP569%3E3.0.CO;2-S.
  • Ponce A.N., Williams M.K., Allen G.J., Toward promoting generative cultures of intentional mentoring within academic settings, "Journal of Clinical Psychology" 2005, Vol. 61, No. 9, s. 1159-1163, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jclp.20157.
  • Russell J.E.A., Adams D.M., The changing nature of mentoring in organizations: An introduction to the special issues on mentoring and organizations, "Journal of Vocational Behavior" 1997, Vol. 51, No. 1, s. 1-14, http://dx.doi.org/10.1006/jvbe.1997.1602.
  • Stankiewicz J., Bortnowska H., Coaching jako narzędzie wspomagające realizację procesu restrukturyzacji zatrudnienia w przedsiębiorstwie, "Prace Naukowe Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego we Wrocławiu", nr 310, s. 233-244.
  • Straś-Romanowska M., Wspomaganie ludzkiego rozwoju w świetle założeń dotyczących jego ukierunkowania, [w:] B. Kaja (red.). Wspomaganie rozwoju. Psychostymulacja i psychokorekcja. Wydawnictwo Akademii Bydgoskiej, Bydgoszcz, 2003, s. s. 40-54.
  • Szelągowska A., Makowska M., Nowe trendy w kształceniu liderów, [w:] B. Kaczarowska (red.), Tutoring. W poszukiwaniu metody kształcenia liderów, Stowarzyszenie Szkoła Liderów, Warszawa 2007, s. 24-30.
  • Walesa Cz., Szanse i zagrożenia człowieka XXI wieku (zarys problematyki psychologicznej), "Horyzonty Psychologii" 2011, t. 1, nr 1, s. 23-36.
  • Wujec B., Geneza i definicje coachingu, "Coaching Review" 2012, t. 1, nr 4, s. 4-28.
AUTHOR

Lucyna Bakiera

Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań

Table of contents

About the article

DOI: 10.15219/em67.1268

The article is in the printed version on pages 4-13.

pdf download PDF

pdf read the article (Polish)

Citation